A stroll through the gardens
A stroll through the gardens
Kroměříž – an attractive town full of gardens, often called Hanakian Athens, has been the cultural centre of Haná/Hanakia and the entire Central Moravia since 17th century. Bishops of Olomouc have made it their summer residence and moved part of the diocese administration and a large portion of their wealth there. The Archiepiscopal Chateau, together with both its gardens, the Flower Garden and the Lower Chateau Garden, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We recommend a trip to Kroměříž to those who like to combine historical buildings with natural walks, or a picnic among blooming flowerbeds.
1. The Lower Chateau Garden
Make this your first stop on the way from the bus or train station. You can recoup your strength here before continuing to see more historical monuments. The garden has more than 64 hectares and offers numerous attractions. It has been converted a number of times, with each period leaving distinctive traces – The Pompeii Colonnade, The Chinese Pavilion, or the artificial ruin.
The Lower Chateau GardenAlejš Motejl
2. The Archiepiscopal Chateau
This former summer seats of the Archbishops of Olomouc includes a picture gallery, a vast library and a fascinating assembly hall, considered one of the most beautiful Rococo interiors in the Czech Republic.
The current chateau architecture dates back to 1664 – 95, when bishop Karl II von Liechtenstein – Castelcorn had it rebuilt after the Thirty Years' War by architects Filiberto Luchese and Giovanni Pietro Tencalla.
The Olomouc Archiepiscopal art collection is one of the most important in Europe and includes works spanning from Gothic to late Baroque periods. Its principal part is displayed in the halls and the picture gallery of the Kroměříž Chateau, the remainder is in the Archdiocesan Museum in Olomouc. Among other notable works of art, the chateau collection includes one of the most valued treasures of world art in the Czech republic – Titian's The Punishment of Marsyas.
3. The Bishop's Mint
From the Archiepiscopal Chateau, you can take a small detour to one of the remainders of the exclusive positions the Olomouc Bishops used to have in the Czech Kingdom. Emperor Rudolf II renewed the historical right to mint special bishop coins, and the Bishop have done exactly that, since 1665, in this Mint House in Kroměříž. Today, it is the last preserved period mint and you can see a numismatic exhibition there, or mint your own copy of a 15 kreutzer coin from Bishop Liechtenstein period.
Daily except Mondays: 10 AM to 5 PM
The Bishop's MintMěÚ Kroměříž biskupska mincovna
The Great Square – Marian Columnwww.vyletnicek.cz
4. The Great Square – Marian Column
Velké náměstí/Great Square in Kroměříž is dominated by a Baroque Marian Column, built to commemorate the end of a plague epidemic in 1680. It contains statues of St. Wenceslas, St. Florian, St. Roch and St. Moritz, as well as a gilded statue of Virgin Mary with a Child on the top.
5. Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary
The original church dedicated to the Virgin Mary dates back to the early Middle Ages and it reacquired its current early baroque style in the first half of the 18th century. Its mostly Baroque interior is highly valued, especially the generously carved altar of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.
Church of the Assumption of Virgin Marywww.mesto-kromeriz.cz
6. Riegrovo náměstí
The oldest Kroměříž square now bears the name of a Czech politician and scholar František Ladislav Rieger, who lived in the town during the Kremsier Parliament/Assembly at Kroměříž meeting in 1848 – 1849. It contains a number of significant architectural sights – including the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the deanery and of course the Baroque fountain and especially the Holy Trinity column of 1725.
7. The Church of St. John the Baptist
The original early medieval Hospital Church of St. John was given in the late 17th century by Liechtenstein Bishop of Olomouc to the Piarists order, introduced to Kroměříž in 1687. The church is the most important representative of church architecture in the town and among the most beautiful baroque churches in Moravia. Its interior is the work of leading Moravian and Austrian artists of the time.
The Church of St. John the Baptistarchiv Centrály cestovního ruchu Východní Moravy
Schrattenbach's Granaryarchiv Centrály cestovního ruchu Východní Moravy
8. Schrattenbach's Granary
On the way to the famous Flower Garden, make sure to stop and look at the former magistrate granary, easily identifiable from afar thanks to its size and a baroque gable wall. It was completed in 1711 by Cardinal Schrattenbach and based on plans of the famous architect G. P. Tencalla.
9. The Flower Garden
The Flower garden in Kroměříž is one of the most important garden landscapes not only in the Czech Republic but also globally. It was originally founded on an inhospitable marshland outside of the city walls by Bishop Charles II, Earl of Lichtenstein-Castelcorn. It has a monumental scale and offers a carefully-designed combination of garden architecture with sculptures, paintings and crafts.
A 244 meters-long arcade gallery from 1671, designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Pietro Tencalla, decorated with 44 antique-style statues.
A masonry aviary on an island in the middle of a large pool, which used to be a waterfowl habitat, now refurbished and complete with birds.
This octagonal building is located in the geometrical middle of the garden at the intersection of transversal and diagonal pathways. It is richly decorated with stucco, sculptures and frescoes of water scenes. At its center is a Foucault pendulum, suspended on a 22.35 m long string. The pendulum, installed by Kroměříž grammar school's professor František Nábělek in 1908, is a replica of a similar pendulum from the dome of the Pantheon in Paris by Leon J. B. Foucault. It is the first of its type in Bohemia.
An artificial mound with rabbit holes and a statue of the goddess Diana on top, installed in the 17th century. Now refurbished and back to its former glory, complete with its rabbit inhabitants.
The Flower GardenLibor Sváček
The Flower Gardenarchiv Centrály cestovního ruchu Východní Moravy
Near the entrance to the historic gardens is a newer garden, called Educational garden – favoured by locals for picnics in between blooming flowerbeds. Visitor information:
Are you going on a trip to Kremsier? Discover stories in this location.
Pamper your taste buds in the chocolatery and enjoy top quality chocolate pralines.
The fruity wines from the sunny slopes around Kroměříž are popular with wine experts and enthusiasts alike. Winemaking has a more than 750 year-old tradition in the region and even a single glass will convince you that today's winemakers are taking the best from it.